North View of Bangalore from the Pettah shewing the Bastions that were breached.
Artist: Home, Robert (1752-1834)
Medium: Ink wash on paper
Ink wash of a north view of the fort of Bangalore by Robert Home (1752-1834) in 1792. It is part of a series of 22 loose drawings together with a map and three plans completed by Home when he accompanied the British army under Cornwallis during the 3rd Mysore War 1791-1792.
Bangalore and its fort were founded in the 16th century by the Hindu ruler Kempe Gowda. However, by the late 18th century, the town was under the control of Haidar Ali (r.1761-1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (r.1782-1799). The fort was reconstructed in 1761 and was built in an unusual oval shape with eight gates, only one of which survives today. On 21 March 1791, it was captured by Lord Cornwallis and his army. In the 19th century, Bangalore became a prominant British garrison town.