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Map of the confluence of the Barna and Ganges rivers with temples and the old fort on the left and brick kiln on the right, Benares

Map of the confluence of the Barna and Ganges rivers with temples and the old fort on the left and brick kiln on the right, Benares

Artist: Prinsep, James (1799-1840)

Medium: Watercolour with pen and ink

Date: 1825

Shelfmark: WD4273

Item number: 4273

Length: 31

Width: 41

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Map

Pen and ink and watercolour map by James Prinsep (1799-1840), of the confluence of the Barna and Ganges rivers at Varanasi (Benares) in Uttar Pradesh, dated between 1822 and 1829. The map also shows temples, the old fort on the left and brick kiln on the right. James Prinsep came from a family who served in India for three generations; five of his brothers were also in the country. James, a noted scholar and antiquarian, was Assistant Assay Master at the old Calcutta Mint in 1819, and after occupying the position at the Benares Mint from 1820-30 finally became Assay Master of the Calcutta Mint in 1832. He also devised a plan to drain the unhealthy marshes and stagnant pools which formed around the most populated areas of Varanasi during the rainy season, by building a network of drains and a tunnel. These were considered a great feat of engineering.

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