Inside view of the Palace at Bangalore. W2567/1
Artist: Home, Robert (1752-1834)
Medium: Etching, with line-engraving
Etching with line-engraving of an inside view of the Palace at Bangalore by Strickland Lowry after sketches Robert Home (1752-1834) had made when he had accompanied the troops in Lord Cornwallis's campaign against Tipu Sultan in 1792. Plate 1 of Robert Home's 'Select Views in Mysore, the country of Tippoo Sultan' published in London in 1794.
Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka, was founded in the 16th century by the Hindu ruler Kempe Gowda. In the late 18th century, the town was ruled by Haidar Ali (r.1761-1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (r.1782-1799) who fought numerous wars against the British over the control of Southern India. The fort at Bangalore was captured by the British in 1791. Tipu Sultan had built two palaces in Bangalore; while the main palace was situated in the fort, the summer palace was located ouside the city walls to the south. Robert Home described the palace in the fort as 'grand and spacious...The pillars are connected by scalloped arches; and the whole superbly painted and gilt. The walls in front of the entrances to the west and east halls have balconies, richly carved, and raised by small pillars, united by arches.'