View of the inside gate at Bangalore with the guard room.
Artist: Home, Robert (1752-1834)
Medium: Etching, with line-engraving
Etching with line-engraving of a view of the inside gate at Bangalore with the guard room by James Fittler (1758-1835) after sketches Robert Home (1752-1834) had made when he had accompanied the troops in Lord Cornwallis's campaign against Tipu Sultan in 1792. Plate 4 of Robert Home's 'Select Views in Mysore, the country of Tippoo Sultan' published in London in 1794.
Bangalore, the capital of Karnataka, was founded in the 16th century by the Hindu ruler Kempe Gowda. By the late 18th century, the town was ruled by Haidar Ali (r.1761-1782) and his son Tipu Sultan (r.1782-1799) who fought numerous wars against the British over the control of Southern India. The fort at Bangalore was captured by the British in 1791. Eight years later, the conflict was concluded in favour of the British at Seringapatam where Tipu Sultan died. In the 19th century, Bangalore became a prominant British garrison town.