Palace of Rana Bheem & Pudmundi in Cheetore
Engraver: Finden, Edward Francis (1791-1857)
Engraving of Padmini's Palace in Chittaurgarh, by Edward Francis Finden (1791-1857) and Patrick Young Waugh (1788-1829). Plate 3 of James Tod's 'Annals and antiquities of Rajasthan or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India' published in London in 1829.
In 1818 Mewar and other princely states signed a treaty with the British and Colonel James Tod became the first Political Agent to the Western Rajput States. He was responsible for managing the affairs between the British East India Company and the surrounding Rajput states. Along with his official duties, Tod became very interested in the genealogies of the Rajput Kingdoms as well as the art they produced. Chittaurgarh, located 110 km east of Udaipur, is the location of the hilltop Chitor Fort, the site where Emperor Akbar (r. 1556-1605) attacked the Rajput rulers of Mewar in 1567 forcing them to abandon the site and relocate to Udaipur. Chitor Fort is entered through the Padal Pol gateway and several key sites include the Palace of Rana Khumbha, Padmini's Palace, the Towers of Fame and Victory, as well as numerous temples. Padmini's Palace originally dates from c.1300 and was rebuilt c.1880. This is a general view looking towards the palace buildings across a tank (reservoir) with a small island pavilion in the middle. Padmini was the wife of Rana Ratan Singh I (r.1302-3) and was a victim of the first siege of Chittaurgarh in 1303 by Ala-ud-Din Khalji, the Sultan of Delhi.