Sikh priest reading the Grunth, Umritsur
Artist: Simpson, William (1823-1899)
This chromolithograph is taken from plate 25 of William Simpson's 'India: Ancient and Modern'. The Granth (Guru Granth Sahib) is the sacred book of the Sikhs. Amritsar was founded by the fourth Sikh guru, Guru Ram Das, in 1577, and is the home of the famous Golden Temple, revered by Sikhs as the centre of their faith. The largest city in Punjab state, its growth as a major commercial centre was given impetus in the 19th century by Maharaja Ranjit Singh who diverted the Grand Trunk Road to pass through the city.