A view within the fort of Monghyr
Artist: Salt, Henry (1780-1827)
Medium: Aquatint, coloured
This aquatint is taken from plate 4 of Henry Salt's 'Twenty Four Views in St. Helena, the Cape, India, Ceylon, the Red Sea, Abyssinia and Egypt'. Situated near Bengal, the fort at Monghyr was strategically important. The Mughal minister Raja Todar Mal occupied it while quelling Bengali rebel forces. It later hosted the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb's brother, Shuja, during the struggle between the brothers for power. Mir Qasim Ali, the Nawab of Bengal, then used it as a base in his battle against the British. When Mir Qasim was defeated in 1764 the fort lost its importance, and by the time of this image the ancient town of Monghyr was full of convalescing sepoys (soldiers). The Governor General, Lord Cornwallis, had a country house in Monghyr. Now called Munger, it is in the state of Bihar.