The Dil Khoosa Palace and the Martiniere 27010
Artist: Dodgson, Sir David Scott (1822-1898)
Medium: Lithograph, coloured
This lithograph is taken from plate 10 of 'General Views of Lucknow' by Sir DS Dodgson.Claude Martin (1735-1800) was a charismatic French adventurer who served the Nawab of Avadh (Shuja-ud-daulah) at Lucknow, and helped influence the art and culture of the city through his patronage. He built La Martiniere as his residence, but dying before it was completed, he was instead interred in it. Originally known as 'Constantia' (after Martin's motto 'Labor et Constantia'), this unique hybrid of European styles is one of Lucknow's most fascinating buildings. Due to the Frenchman's philanthropic will, it came to house a boys' school. During the 1857 Indian revolt, the 65 pupils withdrew to the Governor's Residency. The teachers and older boys served the garrison as the Martiniere Contingent: three were wounded and two died of disease. Campbell's forces routed the Indian rebels from La Martiniere in November 1857.