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Artist: Allan, Sir Alexander (1764-1820)

Medium: Aquatint

Date: 1794

Shelfmark: X378(17)

Item number: 37817

Length: 33.1

Width: 47.3

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Print

This uncoloured aquatint is taken from plate 17 of Captain Alexander Allan's 'Views in the Mysore Country'. Tipu Sultan of Mysore was one of the few rulers in India prescient enough to guage the threat behind the expanding presence of the British in India. Despite the fact that he spent his entire reign fighting the British, he was a progressive ruler, aware of the wider world, sending embassies to many countries such as China and France. He introduced industries like sericulture into his state and had his army modernised by French soldiers. Tipu was involved in four wars with the British. The British Governor General in India, Lord Cornwallis, personally led the British campaign in the third Anglo-Mysore war. Many of Tipu's hill-forts succumbed to the British onslaught. This fort at Tarlawady was, according to Allan, "a small hill fort, but very difficult of ascent". It surrendered to a detachment commanded by Captain James Campbell on 30 December 1791.

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