Mausoleum of Hyder
Artist: Allan, Sir Alexander (1764-1820)
This uncoloured aquatint is taken from plate 18 of Capt Alexander Allan's 'Views in the Mysore Country'. Haider Ali (1722–82), together with his son and successor Tipu Sultan, is famous in Indian history as one of the few rulers who fought constantly and bravely against the British occupation before British rule stretched all over India. Of humble beginnings, he rose to eminence in the army of the Hindu state of Mysore. Becoming the leader in Mysore on the death of the Hindu raja, he began expanding its dominions. His rivalling strength made the British uneasy. Haider thus was involved in two wars with the British: the first Anglo-Mysore war (1767-69) where he dictated terms and the second Anglo-Mysore war (1780-82) when he died. His domed mausoleum in Srirangapatna was built by Tipu, with cypress tree-lined avenues, and a garden containing varieties of flowering plants from Kabul, Persia, Mauritius and Turkey. Tipu is himself buried here.