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The palace of Sultan Baz Bahadoor, and pavilion of Roop Muttee, his Queen

The palace of Sultan Baz Bahadoor, and pavilion of Roop Muttee, his Queen

Artist: Harris, Claudius Richard William Frith (1826-1862)

Medium: Lithograph, coloured

Date: 1859

Shelfmark: X427(4)

Item number: plate 4

Genre: Print

This is plate 4 from 'The Ruins of Mandoo, the Ancient Mahommedan Capital of Malwah, in Central India' by Captain Claudius Harris.

Mandu went through many changes of rulers. The Malwa sultanate of the Ghauris and the Khiljis was first taken by a Gujarat sultan. Then the city fell to the Mughal emperor Humayun in 1534. The struggle between Humayun and Sher Shah Suri resulted in Mandu passing into the hands of Sultan Baz Bahadur from 1555 to 1566, when he was defeated by Emperor Akbar. Baz Bahadur's legendary romance with his Hindu queen Rupmati adds to the mystique and melancholy of Mandu. He fled the Mughals and she committed suicide.

Bahadur lived in this palace during his reign. Building had finished in 1509. Rewa Kund, a tank next to the palace, supplied it with water. The bath house (Hammam Khana) is seen in a corner. On the left of the picture is the Rupmati Pavilion; over looking the Narmada river, it was supposedly the queen's residence. Mandu is now in ruins.

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