Mosque of Goolaum Hoosein Huzrut-Jee, a Great Prophet of the Afghauns
Artist: Carrick, Robert C (fl. mid-19th century), after R
Medium: Lithograph, coloured
This lithograph is taken from plate 30 of 'Afghaunistan' by Lieutenant James Rattray.
Rattray's brigade, under General Nott, retreated from the Kandahar cantonments in August 1842. Contrary to the injunctions he had received to retreat through Sind, Nott determined to advance on Ghazni and Kabul, hoping to help lift the siege of Jallalabad and perhaps even recover lost ground.
During this march, they camped near the Kabul Gate of Kandahar, next to the 200- year-old mosque of Ghulam Hussain Hazrajti. In the courtyard of the mosque were many tombs of Afghan royalty. Rattray wrote: "Frequently have I paused when passing their burial grounds, and have come to the conclusion that they are (and particularly so on the outskirts of their cities), the most lonesome and melancholy spots I ever remember to have seen in any of my wanderings, the last home of these interesting yet terrible mountain warriors of Afghanistan." This picture was sketched in early spring, around the Day of the Dead, when women in particular gathered to lament in graveyards. Rattray remembered the numberless women he had seen flitting like shades between tombs, given up to their melancholy and despair.