Ajunta. Verandah of Vihara No 2
Lithographer: Dibdin, Thomas Colman (1810-1893)
Medium: Lithograph, coloured
This is plate 11 from James Fergusson's 'Illustrations of the Rock Cut Temples of India'.
Cave 2 at Ajanta dates from the 5th century, is one of the most complete examples of the vihara form in the complex. It is known particularly for the complex geometric and floral patterns of the painting on its ceiling, as well as the fine paintings on its walls. Three doorways lead into the hall where columns are arranged around a square space. In the middle of the rear wall an antechamber leads to a shrine, wherein sits a seated figure of the Buddha. The cave is richly decorated with sculptures, and the columns are elaborately carved with scrollwork and jeweled motifs.