Entrance to the Kojak Pass from Parush
Artist: Atkinson, James (1780 - 1852)
This is plate 9 from 'Sketches in Afghaunistan' by James Atkinson.
During the 19th century, Britain tried to protect its Indian holdings from Russia by establishing authority in neighbouring Afghanistan. This involved replacing Emir Dost Mohammad with a former emir known to be malleable, an action that triggered the outbreak of the first Anglo-Afghan war in 1839. On its way to Afghanistan, the British force crossed the Khojak Pass, 7575-feet tall at its highest point and about five miles long. Atkinson wrote: "At the foot of the hills on each side leading up to the Pass are regular rows of trees, giving an idea that in former times some care had been bestowed in embellishing the ground. At Parush appeared stupendous masses of perpendicular rocks, but affording two narrow paths, although only a few yards wide, that to the left was the usual Kafila route, while that on the right, although rarely trodden, had been cleared and made practicable by the Engineers for the passage of British troops and artillery."