Pandanus Odoratissimus. The flower and young fruit of the Keura. Copied on stone
Plate eighty from the third volume of James Forbes' "Oriental Memoirs". Forbes (1749-1819) was a keen observer of nature, often making drawings of every interesting plant or animal he came across during his travels in India. The subject of this plate is the 'exotic' plant known as the Fragrant Screwpine, Barbadoes Aloe, Kewra(Hindi) and Kewoda(Gujarati),is found wild in South India, and cultivated in Bengal. A perfumed oil may be extracted from the flower bracts and the plant has many uses in medicine and toiletry. Forbes was interested in lithography, a fairly new method of producing images during his times and some of his natural historical studies such as this one was such an experiment.