A car of Jagannath in which the Hindu god Krishna rides, drawn by worshippers - Tanjore, India
Photographer: Ricalton, James
Medium: Photographic print
Steroscopic photograph of a ratha, a processional chariot, at Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu, taken by James Ricalton in c. 1903, from The Underwood Travel Library: Stereoscopic Views of India. These chariots are used during temple festivals to carry the image of the divinity through the streets. This image is described by Ricalton in 'India Through the Stereoscope' (1907), 'Here is a car of Juggernaut, and beside it a memorial representation of one...The word Juggernaut is from the Hindu Jagannath or Jaganatha which signifies The Lord of the World. It is a name sometimes applied to Krishna , or to a very important incarnation of Krishna. The name is also applied to a celebrated temple and town on the coast of Orissa; the same place is often called Puri or Poree. Jaganatha (various spelling) or Poree is the most sacred Hindu temple in India.' This is one of a series of 100 photographs designed to be viewed through a special binocular viewer, producing a 3D effect. The series was sold together with a book of descriptions and a map with precise locations to enable the 'traveller' to imagine that he was really touring around India. Stereoscopic cameras, those with two lenses and the ability to take two photographs at the same time, were introduced in the mid 19th century and revolutionised photography. They cut down exposure time and thus allowed for some movement in the image without blurring as subjects were not required to sit for long periods to produce sharp results.