Photograph of a group of Afghani women posed in front of a tent in Afghanistan, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1890s. The Afghani people have historically consisted of many tribal groups ruled over by powerful warlords. Afghanistan is a wild mountainous country to the north-west of Pakistan which has had a turbulent history for thousands of years due to its strategic position. Situated in a key area between the East and the West, and considered a crossroads of civilizations, it has been fought over by many conquerors and dynasties in order to gain control of trade routes. During the nineteeth century it was the scene of conflict between the expanding British and Russian empires and led to three Anglo-Afghan Wars, to stop Russia gaining control of the Khyber Pass.