Abdulshah Changal, [Dhar]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Abdullah Shah Changal’s Tomb at Dhar, Madhya Pradesh, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1902. Dhar in the Malwa region of central India was once the stronghold of the Rajput Paramara dynasty, known for their patronage of learning and literature, from the 9th to the 13th century. The Paramaras were defeated by Alauddin Khalji in 1305 and Dhar became part of the Delhi Sultanate. It broke away and became established as an independent kingdom of the Sultans of Malwa in 1401. In the 16th century, it changed hands again, first to the Gujarat Sultanate and then later passing to the Mughals. This is a distant view of the mausoleum of a saint, and lies to the south-west of the town on the old Hindu rampart. It is a dargah, a Muslim shrine or tomb of note, and the oldest of several in Dhar. Abdullah Shah Changal is one of many Muslim saints associated with Dhar who came to the city as religious teachers during the period of Muslim rule, especially the reign of the Malwa Sultans in the 15th and 16th centuries.