Amber Palace, Jeypore. Gateway leading to Sheesh Mahal
Photographer: Lawrie and Company, G.W.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Ganesh Pol or Elephant Gate in the Amber Palace near Jaipur, taken by the studio of G.W. Lawrie and Company during the 1890s. The palace was begun in 1600 by Man Singh I (r 1592-1615) and was continually added to in the seventeenth century by subsequent rulers. There is debate as to the patronage involved with the creation of the Ganesh Pol, but it is probably attributed to Sawai Jai Singh II (r 1699-1744), an argument strengthened by the discovery of architectural plans. The gate takes its name from a painted panel depicting the elephant-headed god Ganesh over the central entrance and gives access from the public court of the palace to the private garden court. The view shown here is of the outer, north façade facing into the public court. The elevation of five pointed arches is derived from Mughal architecture and the painted floral decoration was added in the 18th century. The gate consists of two storeys, where the upper floor forms the Sohag Mandir pavilion, and through its pierced marble screen or jali windows women of the court were able to observe activities in the public court.