Breach inside [the Ramji Darwaza,] Bharatpur Fort
Photographer: Priyalall and Company
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of a breach inside the Ramji Gate at Bharatpur Fort in Rajasthan, taken by the studio of Priyalall & Company in c.1900. Under the rule of the Sinsini Jats in the 18th and 19th centuries, Bharatpur became a highly fortified city. It was surrounded by a city wall 11 km long with a formidable citadel known as the Lohagarh or Iron Fort at its north-west corner. The fort was built by Suraj Mal (r.1733-63) on the site of an older fort when he captured Bharatpur from a rival Jat chief in 1733. It was built with massive double ramparts reinforced by bastions, surrounded by a wide moat, and proved to be almost impregnable. In 1805 the city was besieged by British imperial forces under Lord Lake, who failed to take the city and suffered severe losses. In 1825 the fort was again besieged and eventually captured by Lord Combermere. This is a view from inside the fort looking back towards the Ramji Gate or Darwaza, the south entrance to the fort, with a breached inner wall in the foreground.
The album of 'Views in the Bharatpur State and Neighbourhod' was presented to the India Office in 1912 by the Festival of Empire, held in 1911 at Crystal Palace in London to mark the coronation of George V. The Maharaja of Bharatpur was among the exhibitors in the Indian Section of the Imperial Exhibition held as part of the Festival.