BHARATPUR: Jaswant Singh, Maharaja of Bharatpur (1851-1893).
Photographer: Bourne and Shepherd
Medium: Photographic print
Full-length seated carte de visite portrait of Jaswant Singh, Maharaja of Bharatpur (1851-1893) from the 'Album of cartes de visite portraits of Indian rulers and notables' by Bourne and Shepherd, early 1870s. Bharatpur in Rajasthan was founded by the Jat chieftain Badan Singh (r.1722-55), forged by uniting the members of an agricultural caste in the Mathura region. The greatest of the Jat rulers was Suraj Mal (r.1755-63) who took Jat power to its zeinth . Jaswant Singh came to power as a minor in 1853 and recived full powers in 1871. He was created a Grand Commander of the Star of India in 1877. He was succeeded by his eldest son Ram Singh in 1893. During Jaswant Singh's reign they opened a railway 1873-4 and established a cavalry and infantry regiment.