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Bhattia merchant (Bombay).

Bhattia merchant (Bombay).

Photographer: Bourne and Shepherd

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1870

Shelfmark: Photo 127/(92)

Item number: 92

Length: 8.3

Width: 5.2

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Full-length standing carte-de-visite portrait of a bhattia or moneylender, one of a series of portrait studies of ethnic types and occupations taken by Bourne and Shepherd in the early 1870s. These photographs represent a common theme of traveller’s memoirs and diaries during the period of Colonial expansion in the latter half of the 19th century. As Europeans came into contact with other peoples there was an urge to document different races, customs, costumes and occupations. The diverse racial and cultural composition of the subcontinent became a photographic genre in its own right, due to both the rising science of ‘ethnology’ and to serve the demand for ‘exotic’ souvenirs of the east.

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