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Bhownagar from the Moti Bagh.

Bhownagar from the Moti Bagh.

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1870

Shelfmark: Photo 937/(36)

Item number: 93736

Length: 21.4

Width: 26.7

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Photograph of the grounds overlooked by the Palace at Bhavnagar in Gujarat, taken by an unknown photographer in about 1870, from an album of 40 prints dating from the 1860s. The erstwhile princely state of Bhavnagar on the coast of Gujarat is an important port and cotton trading centre. The city was founded in 1723 by Bhavsinhji of the clan of Gohil Rajputs who had settled in the region after moving down from Marwar in Rajasthan in the 12th century. The strategic location on the Gulf of Khambat (Cambay) was carefully chosen and Bhavnagar prospered with its maritime trade. The city has a vibrant old bazaar centre but little architecture of note. The palace was built in the mid-19th century and the design incorporates Indian and Western elements. Mahatma Gandhi reputedly attended a college here and there is a museum of Gandhi memorabilia.

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