Bhadaini water works [and] Rani Sursar Ghat [Benares].
Photographer: Prasad, Madho
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Bhadaini water works and the Ghat on the River Ganges, Varanasi from the Kitchener of Khartoum Collection: 'Views of Benares. Presented by the Maharaja of Benares' by Madhao Rao, c.1905. Varanasi is a holy city situated on a great bend in the River Ganges in Uttar Pradesh. The river banks are lined with a continuous succession of stone steps or ghats where residents and pilgrims come to perform their ablutions and worship in the temples. Hindus regard the Ganges as amrita, the elixir of life, which brings purity to the living and salvation to the dead. The Bhadaini water works included a pumping station constructed by the British in the 1890s. Water was pumped from the Ganges, filtered and used in private homes or public places. A raised reservoir was constructed at this ghat in 1896-98 and was designed to supply four million gallons of water daily.