Birds eye [view] of the Residency, Ajmere.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph with a bird's eyeview of the British Residency in Ajmer in Rajasthan, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1880s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views. Ajmer was a major centre of Jainism in the 8th century, but developed under the Rajput Chauhans (Chahamanas) from the 10th century,
especially Prithviraja Chauhan (ruled 1178-92) who constructed numerous buildings. In the late 12th century, after being sacked by Mohammed of Ghur, the city was taken by Qutub-ud-din Aibak and became part of the Delhi Sultanate. Hereafter it became best known as the home of the great Sufi saint Muin-ud-din Chishti (1142-1256), who founded the foremost of India's Sufi orders, the Chistiya order, and is buried in Ajmer. After a period of Rajput rule begun in the late 14th century, Ajmer was finally annexed by the Mughals who made it an administrative centre. With the decline of the Mughals, the city reverted to the Rajputs. The British annexed Ajmer in 1818, and the office of the Agent-General for Rajputana was set up here. Ajmer was one of the few cities of Rajputana which was not part of a princely state.