Burmese Pagoda [Golden Kyaung or Monastery at Mandalay]
Medium: Photographic print
View looking towards a monastery or kyaung at Mandalay in Burma, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1885, from the Edward Molyneux Collection. The monastery follows the traditional Burmese form of a raised main pavilion surrounded by a wide verandah, from which broad flights of masonry steps descend at the cardinal points of the compass. The square tiered pyat-that roof and spire at left mark the shrine room of the monastery, the hpaya-saung. Other pavilions have multi-tiered roofs but no spire. The monastery is built of teak with elaborate carving, typical of Burmese monastic architecture. The construction of this monastery inside the palace grounds of Mandalay was probably ordered by Queen Supyalat in 1885. Due to royal patronage religious architecture, including pagodas and monasteries, was built throughout the city, particularly to the north-east around the base of Mandalay Hill. This is a view of the monastery with carts and a group of Burmese squatting in the foreground.