Buddhist Vihara next to the Chaitya Hall, Bhaja Caves, Pune District
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Buddhist Vihara next to the Chaitya Hall at Bhaja Caves, Pune District, taken by Henry Cousens around 1880, Archaeological Survey of Western India. At Bhaja, south of Karli, there are more than twenty rock-cut Buddhist monasteries from the Satavahana period. The Chaitya Hall in Cave 12 is probably the first example of an apsidal Buddhist chapel in the Deccan, excavated in c.100 BC. This view shows the vihara or monastery next to Cave 12 which was excavated in the 2nd century BC. The verandah has cells at both ends. The exterior cave is carved with sculptures of figures set in a multi-storeyed building.