Bassein, Thana District. Entrance to the citadel of the Fort
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the entrance gateway to the Citadel of Bassein, Thana District of Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens taken by Henry Cousens for the Archaeological Survey of India Collections: Western India 1897-98. Bassein, situated 45 km north of Bombay, is an old fortified Portuguese city which prospered from 1534 to 1739 after the Portuguese took the city from Sultan Bahadur (r.1526-37) of Gujarat. During this period the citadel was inhabited by Portuguese nobles who built many churches, convents and houses.