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Chanda [opium] smokers, Eastern Bengal.

Chanda [opium] smokers, Eastern Bengal.

Photographer: Unknown

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1860

Shelfmark: Photo 124/(57)

Item number: 57

Length: 18.4

Width: 24

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

Portrait of five opium smokers arranged in a tableau with pipes and other impedimenta in a temporary studio by an unknown photographer taken in the early 1860s. Chandoo is a prepared extract of opium that was smoked in both India and China during the nineteenth century. Used for medicinal purposes, the opium industry was a government monopoly under the auspices of officials in Patna and Ghazipore. The main centre of production was Bihar. The opium manufactured at Patna was of two grades: Provision opium manufactured for export and Excise or Akbari opium intended for local consumption in India.

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