Compound of a bungalow, Ceylon.
Photographer: Fiebig, Frederick
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph by Frederick Fiebig from an album of 70 handcoloured salt prints, showing the compound of a bungalow in Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Fiebig, of German origins, was active in Calcutta as an artist and lithographer in the 1840s. Little is known about his life, but turning to photography in the late 1840s he produced hundreds of photographs by the calotype process, frequently handcolouring them. His photographs of Ceylon, probably taken in 1852, are considered the earliest surviving photographic record of the island. The British gained control of Sri Lanka towards the end of the 18th century. Their economic prosperity and political power gave them the means to develop the towns and lay out new suburbs. Large bungalows set in spacious gardens became commonplace. The bungalow developed in India by the mixing of the Bengali hut or 'bangla' with European classical elements and adapting this structure for a variety of purposes for the British community.