Close view of the great wooden horse-shoe door of the Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri
Photographer: Smith, Edmund William
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the horseshoe door of the Buland Darwaza of the Jami Masjid in Fatehpur Sikri, taken by Edmund William Smith in 1893, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections. The Buland Darwaza is set into the south wall of the Jami Masjid at Fatehpur Sikri. This city was built by Akbar (r.1556-1605), the third Mughal ruler of India, between 1571 and 1585. This huge gate is approached by a flight of steps. It has two inscriptions in the archway and is crowned with a series of domed kiosks, or chhatris. It was probably built to commemorate Akbar's conquest of Gujarat in 1573. This is a view of the wooden horseshoe doors, so-called because of the custom of nailing horseshoes on the doors for divine intercession.