Close view of columns in the Gudha Mandapa, Surya Temple, Modhera 10031740
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s for the Archaeological Survey of India. The Surya Temple at Modhera, one of the grandest architectural achievements of the Solanki style in Gujarat, was built in 1027 and although shown here in a ruinous condition it still reflects its former splendour. The temple consists of a sanctuary with a closed hall (gudha mandapa) and an open pillared portico (sabha mandapa) all aligned to the east and built on a stepped plan. In the closed hall, tall columns arranged in an octagon support the corbelled roof. The columns are richly carved with miniature figures of divinities and amorous couples, scrollwork and jewelled motifs. Figures of 'ganas' or attendants project from the brackets and the architraves are also covered with figural sculptures. The temple has since undergone extensive restoration.