Close view of west door of Ibrahim Rauza Tomb, with surrounding decorative work, Bijapur
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Ibrahim Rauza in Bijapur, Karnataka, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections, taken in the 1880s by Henry Cousens. The Ibrahim Rauza (1627) is the mausoleum complex where Ibrahim Adil Shah II (r.1580-1627) is buried with his queen, Taj Sultana. Exceptionally conceived and finely decorated, it is one of the supreme achievements of the Adil Shahis rulers. Designed by a Persian architect, Malik Sandal, the tomb and a mosque are set in a walled garden facing each other over an ornamental pond. Graceful minarets mark the corners of each building, surmounted by a dome rising from a lotus petal base. The tomb is supposed to have been an inspiration for the Taj Mahal at Agra. The walls of the tomb are embellished with beautiful calligraphic and geometric designs.Henry Cousens wrote, "The doors are of teak, are divided into carved panels with Arabic writing, and are furnished with deep rails and styles carrying gilt iron bosses. The photograph... shows the west door, with its surrounding work upon the walls, in which it will be seen how well its design harmonises with the latter..."