Close view of top portion of perforated window on north side of Ibrahim Rauza Tomb, Bijapur
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Ibrahim Rauza in Bijapur, Karnataka, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections, taken in the 1880s by Henry Cousens. The Ibrahim Rauza (1627) is the mausoleum complex where Ibrahim Adil Shah II (r.1580-1627) is buried with his queen, Taj Sultana. Exceptionally conceived and finely decorated, it is one of the supreme achievements of the Adil Shahis rulers. Designed by a Persian architect, Malik Sandal, the tomb and a mosque are set in a walled garden facing each other over an ornamental pond. Graceful minarets mark the corners of each building, surmounted by a dome rising from a lotus petal base. The tomb is supposed to have been an inspiration for the Taj Mahal at Agra. In the middle of each of the four sides of the sepulchral chamber in the tomb there is a doorway with windows of perforated stone work with tracery in calligraphic form of interlaced Arabic script.