Chhatri Gate, [Dhar]
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Chhattri Gate at Dhar in Madhya Pradesh, from the Curzon Collection, taken by an unknown photographer in c.1902. The historic province of Malwa in central India had been the stronghold of the Hindu Paramara dynasty from the 9th to the 13th centuries with their capital first at Ujjain and then at Dhar. Malwa fell to Muslim rule first under the Delhi Sultanate in the early 14th century, then later under the Sultans of Malwa when the governor of Malwa declared his independence from Delhi. It was embellished with a distinctive provincial style of Islamic architecture. The province was taken over by the Mughals in 1561, and when their empire disintegrated was annexed by the Marathas in the mid-18th century. It was taken over by the British when the Marathas agreed to a subordinate role under their control.I t continued as a princely state till 1948. The Chhatri Bagh is a walled garden enclosure containing cenotaphs. This is a view of the entrance, with the ornate domes of the cenotaphs visible beyond. Dhar has an architectural heritage of both Hindu and Muslim funerary monuments, including a number of dargahs, the shrines or tombs of Muslim saints. The memorials include the chhattris or pavilions of the princely rulers of Dhar, the Punwar family.