Close view of sculpture on façade of the south-east elevation of the Gudha Mandapa of the Surya Temple, Modhera 1905
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the gudha mandapa of the Surya Temple at Modhera, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1880s, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections. This temple is one of the finest achievements of the Solanki period in Gujarat. It was built in 1027 and although in ruinous condition it still reflects its former splendour. The temple consists of the sanctuary, two mandapas or columned hallways, a gateway, and a tank, all aligned to the east. The closed hall, or gudha mandapa, adjoins the sanctuary and the open pillared portico, or sabha mandapa, stands between the closed mandapa and the tank, all are built on a stepped plan. The lower portion of the main shrine and adjoining hall is elaborately carved with friezes of elephants, horses and the upper wall portions have panels with many images of the divinities. This is a view of the sculpture on the adjoining hall, or gudha mandapa, on the facade of the south-east elevation.