Photograph of the Arjuna and Draupadi ratha at Mamallapuram, Tamil Nadu, from the Album of Miscellaneous views in India, 1860s. Mamallapuram on the coast south of Madras, is famous for the rock-cut and the monolithic temples which were erected by Mamalla (r.c.630-68) and Rajasimha (r.c.700-728) and represent the earliest examples of monumental architecture in southern India. . The 'Pancha Ratha' or the 'five chariots’, are temple-like monoliths from the seventh century, Mamalla reign, that were left unfinished. This is a view from the west of the two northernmost of the Pancha Rathas, on the left the Draupadi ratha, with curved, hut-like roof and female guardians between pilasters on each side of the doorway; on the right, the Arjuna ratha, similar in form to the Dharmaraja ratha with an octagonal dome. A stone lion is in the foreground.