Distant view of The Gateway [or Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri]
Photographer: Murray, John
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Buland Darwaza, from the Murray Collection: 'Photographic views in Agra and its vicinity', taken by John Murray in the mid-1850s. The Buland Darwaza is set into the south wall of the Jami Masjid, or Dargah Mosque at Fatehpur Sikri. This city was built by Akbar (r.1556-1605), the third Mughal ruler of India, between 1571 and 1585. The huge gate, approached by a flight of steps, has two inscriptions in the archway, one of which reads: 'Jesus Son of Mary (on whom be peace) said: The world is a bridge, pass over it, but build no houses on it. He who hopes for an hour may hope for eternity. The world endures but an hour. Spend it in prayer, for the rest is unseen.' The gate is crowned with a series of domed kiosks. It was probably built to commemorate Akbar's conquest of Gujarat in 1573.