Extraordinary shrine of Buddha on a rocking boulder in the Kelasa hills, Burma
Photographer: Underwood and Underwood
Medium: Photographic print
Stereoscopic pair of photographs taken by Underwood & Underwood in c.1900 of a Buddhist shrine in the Kelasa hills near Thaton in Mon State, Burma (Myanmar). The shrine is a small conical stupa built on top of a large “rocking” boulder poised on another outcrop of rock. This view shows a child posed in front of the boulder and a group of worshippers seated on the ground below. The most famous boulder shrine in Burma is the Kyaiktiyo Pagoda, shown in the next image (print 35) in this collection. Known as the “Golden Rock” pagoda, it is another stupa built on top of a massive boulder resting precariously on a hillside near Kyaikto, also in Mon State. The prints are from a collection of 36 stereoscopic views of Burma, one of a series of “stereoscopic tours” of foreign countries published as part of the ‘Underwood Travel Library’. Stereoscopic views became enormously popular from the mid-19th century onward as they enabled observers to imagine that they were really “touring” around distant parts of the world. Each pair of views, made using a special camera with two lenses, is mounted on stout card for insertion in a stereoscope or binocular viewer. This device produces the illusion of a single three-dimensional image in the mind of the observer by using the binocular function of human sight to combine the two images, which are seen from fractionally different viewpoints. The prints in this set are generally of high quality and selected for their clarity and instructive value. A few of the mounts also have a detailed descriptive caption printed on the reverse, with instructions (presumably for the guidance of teachers) as to what general topic the photograph illustrates.