Entrance to the Karlee [Karli] Caves
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the entrance to the cave at Karli in Maharashtra from the 'Lee-Warner Collection: 'Bombay Presidency. William Lee Warner C.S.' taken by an unknown photographer in the 1870s. The Karli cave, together with the cave-sites of Bhaja and Bhedsa nearby, contain some the oldest examples of Buddhist rock-cut architecture in India. The chaitya or prayer hall at Karli measures 40m long and 15m high. It is thought to date from the first century AD. This view of the entrance to the cave shows a later Hindu shrine to the right and the façade of the hall behind, which is decorated with sculpted figures. Above the façade is a large horseshoe-shaped 'gavaksa' window derived from wooden architecture. The vault of the interior has teak ribs set into the rock.