Ellora Caves [View of the facade of the Visvakarma cave temple]
Photographer: Johnston, J.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the facade of the Vishvakarma cave at Ellora from the 'Lee-Warner Collection: 'Bombay Presidency. William Lee Warner C.S.' taken by J. Johnston in the 1870s. The site of Ellora is famous for its spectacular series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the rocky façade of a basalt cliff. The works were carried out under the patronage of the Kalachuri, the Chalukya and the Rashtrakuta dynasties between the sixth and the ninth centuries. The cave known as Vishvakarma is named after the architect to the gods, dates from the seventh century and is one of the last rock-cut Buddhist Chaityas in Western India. This view shows the entrance to the cave. The structure consits of two-stories; a verandah and a gallery. The verandah is articulated with columns. The gallery has a central doorway that is flanked by celestial figures and niches capped with pyramidal motifs. The design of the projecting ceiling above imitates wooden architecture.