Exterior view of the gateway to Itimad-ud-Daulah's Tomb, Agra.
Photographer: Caney, W.
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Itimad-ud-Daulah's Tomb, Agra from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections taken by W. Caney in the 1870s. It was built in c.1626 for Mirza Ghiyas Beg, a Persian who had obtained service as Lord High Treasurer in the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar (r.1556-1605). On Jahangir's succession in 1605 he was made Wazir or Chief Minister with the title of Itimad-ud-Daulah or 'Pillar of State'. Jahangir married his daughter Noor Jahan (Light of the World) and she conceived this tomb for her father. The tomb set a precedent as the first Mughal building to be faced with white inlaid marble and contrasting stones. It is set in a square walled garden with ponds and cascades. The building is low and square in plan and has octagonal minarets at the corners which are topped by domed chattris (pavilions). The tomb is renowned for the delicacy and beauty of its decoration, the inlaid stones include yellow porphyry, agate, jasper and black marble.