Ellora, Brahma [sculpture].
Photographer: Saché, John Edward
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of an image from a cave-temple at Ellora near Aurangabad in Maharashtra, taken by John Edward Saché in the 1870s, part of the Bellew Collection of Architectural Views.
Ellora is the famed site of rock-cut cave-shrines, Buddhist, Hindu and Jaina, in the Sahyadri hills of western India, excavated between the 6th and 13th centuries. The temples contain some of the finest sculpture in Indian art. The earliest temples were begun in c.575 and are Hindu, carved into the rock in a period when the Kalachuri and Chalukya dynasties held sway over the Deccan. Soon after, in about c.600, Mahayana Buddhists began excavating a group of cave-shrines at the site. Cave-temples particularly developed in the period of the Rashtrakutas (mid-8th to late 10th century). The greatest of the Ellora temples, the Kailasa temple, is attributed to the Rashtrakuta king Krishna I (ruled c.758-63). King Amoghavarasha was a patron of both Hinduism and Jainism, (ruled c.814–73), and Jaina temples were excavated at this time, and continued till about the 13th century, as did Hindu shrines.