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East Scarp of Dowlatabad Fort.

East Scarp of Dowlatabad Fort.

Photographer: Dayal, Deen

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1880

Shelfmark: Photo 430/6(60)

Item number: 60

Length: 25.6

Width: 19.8

Scale: Centimetres

Genre: Photograph

View of the cliff face of the fort at Daulatabad in Maharashtra photographed by Deen Dayal in the 1880s. This photograph is from the Curzon Collection: 'Views of HH the Nizam's Dominions, Hyderabad, Deccan, 1892'. The site, originally known as Devagiri (‘Hill of the Gods’) was the capital of a confederacy of Hindu tribes from the 9th century. The Delhi Sultan Ala-ud-Din Khalji (r.1296-1316) stormed the fortress in 1296. However, the Muslim occupation did not began in earnest until the arrival of Muhammad Shah Tughluq (r.1325-51) in 1327. The Sultan renamed the town Daulatabad (‘City of Fortune’) and moved his entire court here from Delhi with the aim to make Daulatabad the new capital. It become the base for his campaigns further south. Later the fort fell to a number of different ruling dynasties: the Bahmani dynasty, the Nizam Shahi Kings of Ahmadnagar and the Mughals. The imposing fortress was originally built by Muhammad Tughluq on a granite outcrop. It has three concentric lines of fortification between the outer wall and citadel. The remains of the original town of Devagiri are enclosed by the outer walls, entered through three gateways. A series of underground passages carved into the solid rock lead to the citadel.

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