Enfilade of cusped arches in the Bibi-ka-Maqbara, Aurangabad
Photographer: Nepean, Henry Mack
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the Bibi-ka-Maqbara at Aurangabad in Maharashtra, from the Archaeological Survey of India Collections, taken by Henry Mack Nepean in 1868. The Bibi-ka-Maqbara or Queen's Tomb built in 1678, is the most well known building in the city. It was built by Prince Azam Shah in memory of Rabia Durani, wife of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (r.1658-1707). It was designed by the architect Ata Aula as an imitation on a reduced scale of the Taj Mahal at Agra. However, although it is an impressive building with fine surface ornament, it is inferior to its model in every respect. The mausoleum is situated in the centre of a walled enclosure with a garden surrounded by a crenellated wall with bastions. It is a square building covered by a huge marble dome with four corner minarets. The white marble is inlaid with moulded stucco plaster instead of semi-precious stones as at Agra. This is a view of cusped arches in the mosque to the west of the platform on which the mausoleum stands.