Façade of cave adjoining Indra Sabha [Richly-carved façade of Jain cave between Indra Sabha (Cave XXXII) and Jaganatha Sabha (Cave XXXIII), Ellora.]
Photographer: Cousens, Henry
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of the façades of the Jain caves Indra Sabha (Cave XXXII) and Jaganatha Sabha (Cave XXXIII) at Ellora in Maharashtra, taken by Henry Cousens in the 1870s. Ellora is renowned for its series of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain cave temples excavated into the face of a basalt cliff. Indra Sabha is the largest of the Jain series and dates from the 9th century under Rashtrakuta patronage. A simple gateway leads to a courtyard in which there is a monolithic shrine with a pyramidal roof. The cave has a double-storey and is excavated in the rear of the courtyard. The outer walls are decorated with lion and elephant friezes and Tirthankaras. The lower level is incomplete while the upper hall has elaborate columns with foliate and garland motifs. The façade of the cave seen on the right of this photograph belongs to another Jain cave Jagannatha Sabha, which also dates to the 9th century. It is excavated on two floors; the balcony of the upper storey has elephant heads projecting outwards.