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Fort & Palace, Agra, NWP.

Fort & Palace, Agra, NWP.

Photographer: Bourne, Samuel

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1860

Shelfmark: Photo 394/(51)

Item number: 39451

Genre: Photograph

A major part of the royal or Red Fort at Agra was constructed around 1566 by the Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great, on the remains of an old mud fort, dating back to 10th Century. The Akbari areas of the fort are faced in distinctive dressed red sandstone. Each succeeding Mughal Emperor, as well as the Sikhs and the British, added a pavilion, palace or wall to the fort. Emperor Jehangir (r. 1605-1627) extended the gardens and constructed the palaces in Jehangir’s Quadrangle, while Shah Jehan (r. 1628-1657) added the white marble Diwan-i Khas, Moti Masjid and his private residential chambers. His son, Aurangzeb, built the impressive main gate. The famous Sheesh Mahal (the mirror palace) is in the northwest corner of the Fort.

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