Façade of Ahmad Shah's Mosque, Ahmadabad
Medium: Photographic print
Photograph of Ahmad Shah's Mosque in the Bhadr (citadel) at Ahmadabad in Gujarat, taken, by order of Major Cole, by an Army sergeant in c. 1881, for the Archaeological Survey of India. The independent Sultanate State of Gujarat was founded after the Dehli Sultanate collapsed at the end of the 14th century. Sultan Ahmad Shah (r.1411-42) founded the capital city Ahmadabad in 1411. His mosque in the citadel was begun soon after the foundation of the city was laid; an inscription in Arabic over the central mihrab records that the mosque was built by Ahmad Shah in 1414. The ground plan is based on the Jami Masjid in Cambay, built in 1325. The roof is covered with ten large domes and other smaller ones between. This is a view of the east façade; on either side of the central arched entrance there are four other entrances and eight perforated stone windows. There were once two turrets flanking the central archway.