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General view of Simla.

General view of Simla.

Photographer: Bourne, Samuel

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1865

Shelfmark: Photo 11/(77)

Item number: 1177

Genre: Photograph

A general view of Shimla, taken by Samuel Bourne in the 1860s. The hill-station of Simla is built across a range of hills and connecting ridges. It is now the capital of the state of Himachal Pradesh, but it became a popular resort with British residents of India in the 1820s. It also became the Presidency's summer capital when the Governor-General began to take his administration with him to the hills to escape the intense heat of Calcutta, 1300 miles away. Shimla was known as the 'English Convalescent Station' as its climate was conducive to good general health and the Military Sanatoria of Kasauli, Sanawar and Sabathu were also nearby.

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