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Gwalior Fort from Road.

Gwalior Fort from Road.

Photographer: Bourne, Samuel

Medium: Photographic print

Date: 1860

Shelfmark: Photo 394/(69)

Item number: 39469

Genre: Photograph

This view of the fort of Gwalior was taken by Samuel Bourne in the 1860s and forms part of an album entitled 'Photographs of India and Overland Route'. The fortress stands on a long, narrow, rocky outcrop of sandstone which rises 300 feet above the surrounding countryside. The foundation fo the fort is very ancient; an inscription within records that a Temple of the Sun was erected in the early sixth century, since when it has been the contested possession of a succession of rulers including the Rajputs, Mughals, Marathas and the British. It rose to great prominence during the period of Tonwar Rajput rule between 1398 and 1518, particularly during the reign of Raja Man Singh (1486-1517). It was first taken by Scindia, one of the powerful Maratha chiefs, in the mid-18th century and in 1886 was ceded by the British to the dynasty in exchange for Jhansi. The fort stands on a long, narrow, sheer-sided hill almost 100 m (300 feet) high, with the main entrance on the eastern side, where a long ramp leads up through six gates to the summit of the rock.

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